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Common Parasites in Dogs

Fleas

  • Fleas are a small, brown/red, flat-bodied insect with large legs used for jumping.
  • The most common flea is Ctenocephalides felis.
  • Flea bites cause your pet to be itchy and uncomfortable.
  • Animals can get fleas by going outside, OR they can be brought into the house on clothing or other animals.
  • Check animals for fleas by looking for fleas or flea dirt (small specks of “dirt” on your pet’s skin that turn red when placed on wet paper towel).
  • There are many appropriate products for treating fleas, and it is important to treat all animals in the household. Prevention of infestations involves up-to-date use of preventative medications. Contact your veterinarian to determine which product is right for you.

Ticks

  • Ticks are small, brown arachnids (having eight legs) with no antennae.
  • Many species of ticks can impact dogs. The species present in New Brunswick include the black-legged tick, the American dog tick, and the moose/winter tick.
  • Ticks can transmit a number of diseases, including Lyme disease.
  • Animals most often get ticks when walking through areas with grasses or shrubs.
  • Check animals for ticks by looking at their skin and running your fingers through their fur.
  • If a tick is found on your dog, it must be removed. It can be done at your veterinary clinic or at home. If you are unsure how to remove a tick safely, please contact your veterinary clinic for directions.
  • Prevention of ticks involves up-to-date use of preventative medications. Talk to your vet to determine the right product for you.

Demodex

  • Demodex are small mites not visible to the naked eye.
  • Demodex mites are present in small numbers on all dogs, most of which never experience related problems.
  • In some dogs that experience immunosuppression (of various causes) these mites can overpopulate and cause skin disease characterized by bald spots +/- scaly skin.
  • The skin disease caused by Demodex mites is not contagious.
  • If your dog is displaying any signs of skin disease, please contact your veterinarian to determine the appropriate course of action.

Heartworm

  • Heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) are long, thin worms that live in the heart and large arteries.
  • Heartworm infection can cause damage to the heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys.
  • Signs of heartworm infection may include coughing, shortness of breath, and weakness.
  • Heartworm is transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Screening tests for heartworm can be performed as part of annual wellness and/or if an infection is suspected.
  • Further diagnostic testing may be indicated.
  • The appropriate treatment plan will be determined by your veterinarian. Treatment consists of multiple medications and strict rest.
  • Prevention of heartworm can be achieved by the use of heartworm preventative medication.

Please contact your veterinarian to determine the right product for you.

Written by: Dr. Nicole Mann, DVM

Category:

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Last updated: August 26, 2021

Dear Clients,

With recent changes to restrictions on businesses, we have made some important updates to our operating policies.

1. WE CAN NOW SEE ALL CASES BY APPOINTMENT ONLY

This includes vaccines, wellness exams, blood work, heartworm testing, spays and neuters, dental services, and more!

2. SAFETY MEASURES TO KEEP EVERYONE SAFE

3. CANCELLATION POLICY

Clients must confirm their appointments 24 hours before their scheduled time slot at the latest. We will cancel appointments of clients who do not confirm and give them to waitlisted patients.

4. ZERO TOLERANCE AGAINST ABUSE

We reserve the right to refuse service to clients who verbally, emotionally, or physically harm any of our teammates.

5. OPERATING HOURS

We are OPEN with the following hours:

Monday, Tuesday: 8:00 am - 5:00 pm
Wednesday, Thursday: 8:00 am - 6:00 pm
Friday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
Saturday: 9:00 am - 12:00 pm
Sunday: CLOSED

 

NEW PET OWNERS

Have you welcomed a new furry family member to your home? We’d love to meet them! Visit our Must Know New Pet Owner Information page for useful resources and helpful recommendations for new pet owners.

Thank you for your patience and understanding and we look forward to seeing you and your furry family members again!

- Your dedicated team at Moncton Animal Hospital